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About the Niagara Falls Storage Site

Niagara Falls Storage Site (NFSS)

Beginning in 1944 the Niagara Falls Storage Site (NFSS) was used by the Manhattan Engineer District (MED) to store radioactive residues and wastes from uranium ore processing. Radioactive wastes and residues continued to be brought to the site for storage until 1952. In 1982 the Department of Energy (DOE) began clean-up and consolidation of the radioactive wastes and residues in an earthen containment cell constructed on the property, which was completed in 1986.

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The Niagara Falls Storage Site (NFSS) is divided into three operable units: the Interim Waste Containment Structure (IWCS) Operable Unit (OU); the Balance of Plant OU, which includes all the remaining site soils around the IWCS as well as some of the site infrastructure; and groundwater. The status for the OUs is outlined below.

Interim Waste Containment Structure Operable Unit

Based on the extensive data compiled and analyzed over the past 25 years, the IWCS, which was engineered and constructed by the U.S. Department of Energy in the early 1980s, is performing as designed and remains protective of human health and the environment.

The proposed plan for the IWCS OU was released for public comment December 7, 2015. A public meeting was conducted on January 13, 2016, and the comment period closed February 6, 2016.

A video of the public meeting, the meeting transcript and the comments received regarding the proposed plan are available at the links below.

The proposed plan and supporting documents are available in the administrative record file for the site, which is available electronically in the Town of Lewiston Public Library, 305 South Eighth Street, Lewiston, New York, and the Youngstown Free Library, 240 Lockport Street, Youngstown, New York. The administrative record file is also available for review by appointment at the Buffalo District Office Library located at 1776 Niagara Street in Buffalo, New York.

Balance of Plant Operable Unit and Groundwater Operable Units

Feasibility studies are being prepared that will develop and evaluate remedial alternatives which would be appropriate to mitigate potential future unacceptable risks from exposure to FUSRAP-related material for both OUs.

Vicinity Properties

Additionally, the Corps of Engineers is responsible for environmental investigation and response at three open vicinity properties, designated as Vicinity Properties E, E Prime, and G on an adjacent private parcel. These open vicinity properties were impacted by the Manhattan Engineer District and the Atomic Energy Commission; however, not all portions of the properties were accessible for investigation by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) during the 1980s. The DOE has identified Vicinity Properties H Prime and X as eligible for the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program and these two properties are currently under consideration by the Corps of Engineers for designation into the program.

The US Army Corps of Engineers Buffalo District welcomes your input at any time. Our goal is to offer timely and meaningful opportunities for public input to our projects and to promote the dissemination of project information to the community. Public involvement activities complement the Corps' mission to address environmental contamination at the NFSS from past Manhattan Engineer District and Atomic Energy Commission activities.

You are welcome to contact us. If you have questions, comments, or concerns regarding the NFSS, please send an e-mail to fusrap@usace.army.mil. You may also mail a letter to:

USACE, Buffalo District
Attn: Special Projects Team - Outreach
1776 Niagara Street
Buffalo, NY 14207

or call us at 1-800-833-6390 (option 4).

Community Relations Plan for the Niagara Falls Storage Site (Jul 2014)

 

Click here to expand contentClick here to collapse content  News

Presentation: NFSS IWCS Proposed Plan (Jan 2016)

     Transcript: NFSS IWCS Proposed Plan (Jan 2016)

Posters: NFSS Background Information (Jan 2016)

     Posters: NFSS IWCS Remedial Alternatives (Jan 2016)

     Posters: NFSS IWCS Remedial Alternative Details (Jan 2016)

Presentation: Balance of Plant Contamination Extent Investigation (Mar 2015)

Presentation: IWCS Remedial Alternatives Workshop (Jun 2013)

     Posters: IWCS Remedial Alternatives (Jun 2013)

     Transcript: IWCS Remedial Alternatives (Jun 2013)

Presentation: Radon Assessment and Health Effects Evaluation Workshop (Mar 2012)

     Handout: Radon Assessment and Health Effects Evaluation Workshop (Mar 2012)

Presentation: Waste Disposal and Fernald Lessons Learned Workshop (Sep 2011) 

     Handout: Waste Disposal and Fernald Lessons Learned Workshop (Sep 2011)

     Transcript: Waste Disposal and Fernald Lessons Learned Workshop (Sep 2011)

Presentation: Remedial Investigation Addendum (Jun 2011)

     Transcript: Remedial Investigation Addendum (Jun 2011)

Presentation: LOOW & NFSS Workshop (Nov 2010)

     Transcript: LOOW & NFSS Workshop (Nov 2010)

Presentation: LOOW & NFSS Workshop (Jun 2010)

     Presentation: USEPA Role at NFSS (Jun 2010)

     Transcript: LOOW & NFSS Workshop (Jun 2010)

Presentation: DOE Review of Vicinity Properties (Mar 2010)

Presentation: DOE Role in FUSRAP and Vicinity Properties (Dec 2009)

Presentation: LOOW & NFSS Workshop (Sep 2009)

     Transcript: LOOW & NFSS Workshop (Sep 2009)

Presentation: NFSS Public Workshop (Jun 2009)

     Poster: CERCLA Process and Feasibility Study Approach (Jun 2009)

     Poster: Remedial Investigation Addendum Topics (Jun 2009)

     Poster: Technical Memorandum Process (Jun 2009)

     Poster: Feasibility Study Operable Units (Jun 2009)

     Transcript: NFSS Public Workshop (Jun 2009)

Presentation: Remedial Investigation Findings, Session 2 (Sep 2008)

     Posters: Remedial Investigation Findings, Session 2 (Sep 2008)

     Transcript: Remedial Investigation Findings, Session 2 (Sep 2008)

Presentation: Remedial Investigation Findings (May 2008)

     Transcript: Remedial Investigation Findings (May 2008)

Presentation: NFSS Groundwater Model (May 2008)

     Video: NFSS Groundwater Model (May 2008) 

Overall Site Documents

Remedial Investigation Addendum - Report (Apr 2011)

     Remedial Investigation Addendum - Appendices 3A - 12A (Apr 2011)

     Remedial Investigation Addendum - Appendix 12A, Part 1 (Apr 2011)

     Remedial Investigation Addendum - Appendix 12A, Part 2 (Apr 2011)

     Remedial Investigation Addendum - Appendix 12A, Part3 (Apr 2011)

     Remedial Investigation Addendum - Appendix 12A, Part 4 (Apr 2011)

     Remedial Investigation Addendum - Appendix 12B (Apr 2011)

     Remedial Investigation Addendum - Appendices 12C - 13A (Apr 2011)

Remedial Investigation Addendum - Validated Radiological & Chemical Data (Aug 2010)

     Remedial Investigation Addendum - Sampling Locations (May 2010)

Remedial Investigation Addendum - Sampling and Analysis Plan (Nov 2009)

Groundwater Flow and Contaminant Transport Modeling Results (Mar 2011)

Feasibility Study Work Plan (Dec 2009)

Historical Photographic Analysis (Sep 2009)

Public Comments on the Remedial Investigation Report (May 2009)

     Responses to Public Comments on the Remedial Investigation Report (Aug 2010)

     Responses to Top 7 NYSDEC Comments on the Remedial Investigation Report (Aug 2010)

     Responses to Top 10 USEPA Comments on the Remedial Investigation Report (Aug 2010)

Remedial Investigation Report - Text (Dec 2007)

     Remedial Investigation Report - Figures (Dec 2007)

     Remedial Investigation Report - Tables (Dec 2007)

Baseline Risk Assessment Report - Text (Dec 2007)

Groundwater Flow and Contaminant Transport Modeling - Text Only (Dec 2007)

     Groundwater Flow and Contaminant Transport Modeling - Full Report (Dec 2007)

Closeout Report for Investigation Derived Waste (IDW) and Legacy Waste Disposal (Feb 2011)

IDW and Legacy Waste Disposal - Contractor Quality Control Plan (Aug 2010)

     IDW and Legacy Waste Disposal - Sampling and Analysis Plan (Aug 2010)

     IDW and Legacy Waste Disposal - Waste Mgmt, Transportation & Disposal Plan (Aug 2010)

     IDW and Legacy Waste Disposal - Accident Prevention Plan (Aug 2010)

IDW and Legacy Waste Disposal - Scope of Work (Jun 2010)

Interim Waste Containment Structure (IWCS) Documents

Proposed Plan for the Interim Waste Containment Structure Operable Unit (Dec 2015)

     Written Public Comments on the Proposed Plan for the IWCS Operable Unit (Feb 2016)

Feasibility Study for the Interim Waste Containment Structure Operable Unit (Dec 2015)

Feasibility Study - Remedial Technologies Development and Screening Tech Memo (Apr 2013)

Feasibility Study - Health Exposure Assessment Technical Memorandum (Feb 2012)

Feasibility Study - Radon Assessment Technical Memorandum (Jan 2012)

Feasibility Study - Meteorological Data Evaluation Technical Report (Dec 2011)

Feasibility Study - Waste Disposal Options and Fernald Lessons Learned Tech Memo (Jul 2011)

     FAQs: Waste Disposal Options and Fernald Lessons Learned (Jul 2012)

IWCS Correspondence from the Corps (Jul 9, 2010)

     IWCS Correspondence from the Corps (Aug 30, 2010)

     IWCS Correspondence from the Corps (Jan 10, 2011, #1)

     IWCS Correspondence from the Corps (Jan 10, 2011, #2)

     IWCS Correspondence from the Corps (Jan 11, 2011)

Balance of Plant Documents

Balance of Plant Contamination Extent Investigation - Report - Main Body (Feb 2015)

    Balance of Plant Contamination Extent Investigation - Report - Appendix A (Feb 2015)

    Balance of Plant Contamination Extent Investigation - Report - Appendix B-1 (Feb 2015)

    Balance of Plant Contamination Extent Investigation - Report - Appendix B-2 (Feb 2015)

    Balance of Plant Contamination Extent Investigation - Report - Appendix B-3 (Feb 2015)

    Balance of Plant Contamination Extent Investigation - Report - Appendix B-4 (Feb 2015)

    Balance of Plant Contamination Extent Investigation - Report - Appendix B-5 (Feb 2015)

    Balance of Plant Contamination Extent Investigation - Report - Appendix C-1 (Feb 2015)

    Balance of Plant Contamination Extent Investigation - Report - Appendix C-2 (Feb 2015)

    Balance of Plant Contamination Extent Investigation - Report - Appendix D (Feb 2015)

    Balance of Plant Contamination Extent Investigation - Report - Appendix E-1 (Feb 2015)

    Balance of Plant Contamination Extent Investigation - Report - Appendix E-2 (Feb 2015)

    Balance of Plant Contamination Extent Investigation - Report - Appendix E-3 (Feb 2015)

    Balance of Plant Contamination Extent Investigation - Report - Appendix F (Feb 2015)

    Balance of Plant Contamination Extent Investigation - Report - Appendix G (Feb 2015)

    Balance of Plant Contamination Extent Investigation - Report - Appendix H (Feb 2015)

    Balance of Plant Contamination Extent Investigation - Report - Appendix I (Feb 2015)

    Balance of Plant Contamination Extent Investigation - Report - Appendix J (Feb 2015)

Balance of Plant Contamination Extent Investigation - Field Sampling Plan (Oct 2013)

     Balance of Plant Contamination Extent Investigation - Quality Assurance Project Plan (Oct 2013)

     Balance of Plant Contamination Extent Investigation - Accident Prevention Plan (Oct 2013)

     Balance of Plant Contamination Extent Investigation - Site Safety and Health Plan (Oct 2013)

     Balance of Plant Contamination Extent Investigation - Radiation Protection Plan (Oct 2013)

Balance of Plant Field Investigation - Report - Main Body (Aug 2013)

     Balance of Plant Field Investigation - Report - Appendix A (Aug 2013)

     Balance of Plant Field Investigation - Report - Appendix B (Aug 2013)

     Balance of Plant Field Investigation - Report - Appendix C (Aug 2013)

     Balance of Plant Field Investigation - Report - Appendix D (Aug 2013)

     Balance of Plant Field Investigation - Report - Appendix E (Aug 2013)

     Balance of Plant Field Investigation - Report - Appendix F (Aug 2013)

     Balance of Plant Field Investigation - Report - Appendix G (Aug 2013)

     Balance of Plant Field Investigation - Report - Appendix H (Aug 2013)

     Balance of Plant Field Investigation - Report - Appendix I (Aug 2013)

     Balance of Plant Field Investigation - Report - Appendix J (Aug 2013)

     Balance of Plant Field Investigation - Report - Appendix K (Aug 2013)

     Balance of Plant Field Investigation - Report - Appendix L (Aug 2013)

     Balance of Plant Field Investigation - Report - Appendix M (Aug 2013)

     Balance of Plant Field Investigation - Report - Appendix O (Aug 2013)

Balance of Plant Field Investigation - Field Sampling Plan (Nov 2012) 

     Balance of Plant Field Investigation - Quality Assurance Project Plan (Nov 2012) 

     Balance of Plant Field Investigation - Accident Prevention Plan (Nov 2012) 

     Balance of Plant Field Investigation - Site Safety and Health Plan (Nov 2012) 

     Balance of Plant Field Investigation - Radiation Protection Plan (Nov 2012)

Building 401 Documents

Building 401 Demolition - Site Operations Plan (Aug 2010) 

     Building 401 Demolition - Building Demolition Plan (Aug 2010) 

     Building 401 Demolition - Waste Management Plan (Aug 2010) 

     Building 401 Demolition - Transportation and Disposal Plan (Aug 2010) 

     Building 401 Demolition - Field Sampling Plan (Aug 2010) 

     Building 401 Demolition - Quality Assurance Project Plan (Aug 2010) 

     Building 401 Demolition - Contractor Quality Control Plan (Aug 2010) 

     Building 401 Demolition - Site Safety and Health Plan (Aug 2010)

Building 401 Record of Environmental Consideration (Jan 2010)

Building 401 NEPA Scoping Document (Sep 2009)

Building 401 Radiological Contamination Status (Aug 1998)

Vicinity Properties

NFSS Vicinity Property H-Prime Preliminary Assessment (Dec 2016)

NFSS Vicinity Property X Eligibility Letter (Sep 2014)

NFSS Vicinity Property H-Prime Eligibility Letter (Sep 2014)

NFSS Vicinity Property G Site Investigation Report (Jan 2009)

Off Site

Lewiston-Porter School District Sampling Report (May 2011)

     Presentation to School Board on Lewiston-Porter School District Sampling (Jul 2011)

 

(All document files are in Adobe Acrobat PDF format.)

The Administrative Record File for the Niagara Falls Storage Site is located at:

Lewiston Public Library
305 S. 8th Street
Lewiston, NY 14092

 

Youngstown Free Library
240 Lockport Street
Youngstown, NY 14174

To request specific FUSRAP documents, please fill out this Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) Request Form and submit it to the Buffalo District FOIA Coordinator listed on the form.

 

Aerial Photographs

 

1944 Aerial of NFSS
(looking northeast from Pletcher Road)

1944 Aerial of NFSS
(looking northeast, Building 401 in foreground)

 

1944 Aerial of NFSS
(northwest NFSS boundary, looking northwest)

1944 Aerial of NFSS
(future IWCS location, looking northeast)

 

1944 Aerial of NFSS
(north of Pletcher Road, looking west)

1985 Aerial of NFSS During IWCS Construction

 

Aerial of NFSS Former K-65 Storage Silo
(northeast NFSS boundary, looking southwest)

2002 Aerial of NFSS
(looking east)

 

Sampling Photographs

 

Drilling Activities at NFSS

Radiological Scan of Soil Boring

 
Building 401 Photographs
 

Presentation with External and Internal Photographs of Building 401 (Aug 2009)

 

IWCS Proposed Plan Public Meeting - January 13, 2016

History of the Niagara Falls Storage Site (NFSS)