Buffalo District Header Image

BUFFALO DISTRICT

Home
Home > Missions > HTRW > FUSRAP > Niagara Falls Storage Site

FUSRAP

About the Niagara Falls Storage Site

Niagara Falls Storage Site (NFSS)

In 1944 the Niagara Falls Storage Site (NFSS) was used by the Manhattan Engineer District (MED) to store radioactive residues and wastes from uranium ore processing. Radioactive wastes and residues continued to be brought to the site for storage until 1952. In 1982 the Department of Energy (DOE) began clean-up and consolidation of the radioactive wastes and residues in an earthen containment cell constructed on the property, which was completed in 1986.

Resources

Collapse All Expand All

On December 14, 2007, the Corps of Engineers issued a comprehensive Remedial Investigation Report for the Niagara Falls Storage Site, to communicate the nature and extent of FUSRAP-related radioactive and chemical contamination on the site. The Remedial Investigation indicates that there are currently no imminent hazards to safety or health from radiological or chemical exposure within the site or to a member of the public outside the site.

Transport simulations of groundwater indicate that the Interim Waste Containment Structure (IWCS) will adequately mitigate contaminant migration for nearly 200 years as long as the site maintenance program is continued to prevent degradation of the containment structure’s clay cap. The Corps of Engineers continues to work on the Feasibility Study for the IWCS which will identify, define the scope, and evaluate a wide range of long-term remedies to address the FUSRAP contamination in the structure. The Feasibility Study for the IWCS is currently scheduled for completion in 2013. Additional Feasibility Studies for site soils and infrastructure, and groundwater will follow the Feasibility Study for the IWCS. An addendum to the 2007 Remedial Investigation Report was released in April 2011.

The NFSS is routinely evaluated with chemical and radiation sampling, and results are reported in an annual environmental surveillance report which is posted below. These evaluations are used to assess the protectiveness of the containment structure. To date, it is clear that the IWCS is performing as designed. The site continues to be maintained (mowing, plowing, etc.) with emphasis on assuring that the containment structure's cap is free from cracks and functions well to retard radon emission and to resist infiltration of rainwater and snowmelt. The Corps' environmental surveillance program for the site was enhanced in 2008 and 2010 by adding additional sampling points and parameters.

The US Army Corps of Engineers Buffalo District welcomes your input at any time. Our goal is to offer timely and meaningful opportunities for public input to our projects and to promote the dissemination of project information to the community. Public involvement activities complement the Corps' mission to address environmental contamination at the NFSS from past Manhattan Engineer District and Atomic Energy Commission activities.

You are welcome to contact us. If you have questions, comments, or concerns regarding the NFSS, please send an e-mail to fusrap@usace.army.mil. You may also mail a letter to:

USACE, Buffalo District
Attn: Special Projects Team - Outreach
1776 Niagara Street
Buffalo, NY 14207

or call us at 1-800-833-6390 (option 4).

Public Information Plan for the Niagara Falls Storage Site (Jan 2013)

 

Click here to expand contentClick here to collapse content  News

Presentation: IWCS Remedial Alternatives Workshop (Jun 2013)
     Posters: IWCS Remedial Alternatives (Jun 2013)
     Transcript: IWCS Remedial Alternatives (Jun 2013)

Presentation: Radon Assessment and Health Effects Evaluation Workshop (Mar 2012)
     Handout: Radon Assessment and Health Effects Evaluation Workshop (Mar 2012)

Presentation: Waste Disposal and Fernald Lessons Learned Workshop (Sep 2011) 
     Handout: Waste Disposal and Fernald Lessons Learned Workshop (Sep 2011)
     Transcript: Waste Disposal and Fernald Lessons Learned Workshop (Sep 2011)

Presentation: Remedial Investigation Addendum (Jun 2011)
     Transcript: Remedial Investigation Addendum (Jun 2011)

Presentation: LOOW & NFSS Workshop (Nov 2010)
     Transcript: LOOW & NFSS Workshop (Nov 2010)

Presentation: LOOW & NFSS Workshop (Jun 2010)
     Presentation: USEPA Role at NFSS (Jun 2010)
     Transcript: LOOW & NFSS Workshop (Jun 2010)

Presentation: DOE Review of Vicinity Properties (Mar 2010)

Presentation: DOE Role in FUSRAP and Vicinity Properties (Dec 2009)

Presentation: LOOW & NFSS Workshop (Sep 2009)
     Transcript: LOOW & NFSS Workshop (Sep 2009)

Presentation: NFSS Public Workshop (Jun 2009)
     Poster: CERCLA Process and Feasibility Study Approach (Jun 2009)
     Poster: Remedial Investigation Addendum Topics (Jun 2009)
     Poster: Technical Memorandum Process (Jun 2009)
     Poster: Feasibility Study Operable Units (Jun 2009)
     Transcript: NFSS Public Workshop (Jun 2009)

Presentation: Remedial Investigation Findings, Session 2 (Sep 2008)
     Posters: Remedial Investigation Findings, Session 2 (Sep 2008)
     Transcript: Remedial Investigation Findings, Session 2 (Sep 2008)

Presentation: Remedial Investigation Findings (May 2008)
     Transcript: Remedial Investigation Findings (May 2008)

Presentation: NFSS Groundwater Model (May 2008)
     Video: NFSS Groundwater Model (May 2008) 

Overall Site Documents

Remedial Investigation Addendum - Report (Apr 2011)
     Remedial Investigation Addendum - Appendices 3A - 12A (Apr 2011)
     Remedial Investigation Addendum - Appendix 12A, Part 1 (Apr 2011)
     Remedial Investigation Addendum - Appendix 12A, Part 2 (Apr 2011)
     Remedial Investigation Addendum - Appendix 12A, Part3 (Apr 2011)
     Remedial Investigation Addendum - Appendix 12A, Part 4 (Apr 2011)
     Remedial Investigation Addendum - Appendix 12B (Apr 2011)
     Remedial Investigation Addendum - Appendices 12C - 13A (Apr 2011)

Remedial Investigation Addendum - Validated Radiological & Chemical Data (Aug 2010)
     Remedial Investigation Addendum - Sampling Locations (May 2010)

Remedial Investigation Addendum - Sampling and Analysis Plan (Nov 2009)

 

Groundwater Flow and Contaminant Transport Modeling Results (Mar 2011)

Feasibility Study Work Plan (Dec 2009)

Historical Photographic Analysis (Sep 2009)

 

Public Comments on the Remedial Investigation Report (May 2009)
     Responses to Public Comments on the Remedial Investigation Report (Aug 2010)
     Responses to Top 7 NYSDEC Comments on the Remedial Investigation Report (Aug 2010)
     Responses to Top 10 USEPA Comments on the Remedial Investigation Report (Aug 2010)

Remedial Investigation Report - Text (Dec 2007)
     Remedial Investigation Report - Figures (Dec 2007)
     Remedial Investigation Report - Tables (Dec 2007)

Baseline Risk Assessment Report - Text (Dec 2007)

Groundwater Flow and Contaminant Transport Modeling - Text Only (Dec 2007)
     Groundwater Flow and Contaminant Transport Modeling - Full Report (Dec 2007)

 

Closeout Report for Investigation Derived Waste (IDW) and Legacy Waste Disposal (Feb 2011)

IDW and Legacy Waste Disposal - Contractor Quality Control Plan (Aug 2010)
     IDW and Legacy Waste Disposal - Sampling and Analysis Plan (Aug 2010)
     IDW and Legacy Waste Disposal - Waste Mgmt, Transportation & Disposal Plan (Aug 2010)
     IDW and Legacy Waste Disposal - Accident Prevention Plan (Aug 2010)

IDW and Legacy Waste Disposal - Scope of Work (Jun 2010)

 

Interim Waste Containment Structure (IWCS) Documents

Feasibility Study - Remedial Technologies Development and Screening Tech Memo (Apr 2013)

Feasibility Study - Health Exposure Assessment Technical Memorandum (Feb 2012)

Feasibility Study - Radon Assessment Technical Memorandum (Jan 2012)

Feasibility Study - Meteorological Data Evaluation Technical Report (Dec 2011)

Feasibility Study - Waste Disposal Options and Fernald Lessons Learned Tech Memo (Jul 2011)
     FAQs: Waste Disposal Options and Fernald Lessons Learned (Jul 2012)

 

IWCS Correspondence from the Corps (Jul 9, 2010)
     IWCS Correspondence from the Corps (Aug 30, 2010)
     IWCS Correspondence from the Corps (Jan 10, 2011, #1)
     IWCS Correspondence from the Corps (Jan 10, 2011, #2)
     IWCS Correspondence from the Corps (Jan 11, 2011)

 

Balance of Plant Documents

Balance of Plant Contamination Extent Investigation - Field Sampling Plan (Oct 2013)
     Balance of Plant Contamination Extent Investigation - Quality Assurance Project Plan (Oct 2013)
     Balance of Plant Contamination Extent Investigation - Accident Prevention Plan (Oct 2013)
     Balance of Plant Contamination Extent Investigation - Site Safety and Health Plan (Oct 2013)
     Balance of Plant Contamination Extent Investigation - Radiation Protection Plan (Oct 2013)

Balance of Plant Field Investigation - Report - Main Body (Aug 2013)
     Balance of Plant Field Investigation - Report - Appendix A (Aug 2013)
     Balance of Plant Field Investigation - Report - Appendix B (Aug 2013)
     Balance of Plant Field Investigation - Report - Appendix C (Aug 2013)
     Balance of Plant Field Investigation - Report - Appendix D (Aug 2013)
     Balance of Plant Field Investigation - Report - Appendix E (Aug 2013)
     Balance of Plant Field Investigation - Report - Appendix F (Aug 2013)
     Balance of Plant Field Investigation - Report - Appendix G (Aug 2013)
     Balance of Plant Field Investigation - Report - Appendix H (Aug 2013)
     Balance of Plant Field Investigation - Report - Appendix I (Aug 2013)
     Balance of Plant Field Investigation - Report - Appendix J (Aug 2013)
     Balance of Plant Field Investigation - Report - Appendix K (Aug 2013)
     Balance of Plant Field Investigation - Report - Appendix L (Aug 2013)
     Balance of Plant Field Investigation - Report - Appendix M (Aug 2013)
     Balance of Plant Field Investigation - Report - Appendix O (Aug 2013)

Balance of Plant Field Investigation - Field Sampling Plan (Nov 2012) 
     Balance of Plant Field Investigation - Quality Assurance Project Plan (Nov 2012) 
     Balance of Plant Field Investigation - Accident Prevention Plan (Nov 2012) 
     Balance of Plant Field Investigation - Site Safety and Health Plan (Nov 2012) 
     Balance of Plant Field Investigation - Radiation Protection Plan (Nov 2012)

 

Building 401 Documents

Building 401 Demolition - Site Operations Plan (Aug 2010) 
     Building 401 Demolition - Building Demolition Plan (Aug 2010) 
     Building 401 Demolition - Waste Management Plan (Aug 2010) 
     Building 401 Demolition - Transportation and Disposal Plan (Aug 2010) 
     Building 401 Demolition - Field Sampling Plan (Aug 2010) 
     Building 401 Demolition - Quality Assurance Project Plan (Aug 2010) 
     Building 401 Demolition - Contractor Quality Control Plan (Aug 2010) 
     Building 401 Demolition - Site Safety and Health Plan (Aug 2010)

Building 401 Record of Environmental Consideration (Jan 2010)

Building 401 NEPA Scoping Document (Sep 2009)

Building 401 Radiological Contamination Status (Aug 1998)

 

Vicinity Properties

NFSS Vicinity Property G Site Investigation Report (Jan 2009)

 

Off Site

Lewiston-Porter School District Sampling Report (May 2011)
     Presentation to School Board on Lewiston-Porter School District Sampling (Jul 2011)

 

(All document files are in Adobe Acrobat PDF format.)

The Administrative Record File for the Niagara Falls Storage Site is located at:

Lewiston Public Library
305 S. 8th Street
Lewiston, NY 14092

 

Youngstown Free Library
240 Lockport Street
Youngstown, NY 14174

To request specific FUSRAP documents, please fill out this Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) Request Form and submit it to the Buffalo District FOIA Coordinator listed on the form.

 

Aerial Photographs

 

1944 Aerial of NFSS
(looking northeast from Pletcher Road)

1944 Aerial of NFSS
(looking northeast, Building 401 in foreground)

 

1944 Aerial of NFSS
(northwest NFSS boundary, looking northwest)

1944 Aerial of NFSS
(future IWCS location, looking northeast)

 

1944 Aerial of NFSS
(north of Pletcher Road, looking west)

1985 Aerial of NFSS During IWCS Construction

 

Aerial of NFSS Former K-65 Storage Silo
(northeast NFSS boundary, looking southwest)

2002 Aerial of NFSS
(looking east)

 

Sampling Photographs

 

Drilling Activities at NFSS

Radiological Scan of Soil Boring

 
Building 401 Photographs
 

Presentation with External and Internal Photographs of Building 401 (Aug 2009)