US Army Corps of Engineers
Buffalo District

FUSRAP

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About the Luckey Site

Luckey Site

Between 1949 and 1958, the Luckey Site was operated as a beryllium production facility by the Brush Beryllium Company (later Brush Wellman) under contract to the Atomic Energy Commission. In 1951, the site received approximately 1,000 tons of radioactively contaminated scrap steel, to be used in proposed magnesium production at the site. The Luckey Site was designated a Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP) site in 1992 due to extensive surface contamination from beryllium.

Most recently, the Corps of Engineers contractor began excavating soils contaminated with beryllium, lead, radium-226, thorium-230, uranium-234, and uranium-238 from the Luckey Site in 2018. Excavated soils are being shipped off-site for disposal at a licensed/permitted disposal facility. The Corps of Engineers’ priority during the Luckey Site cleanup is the protection of human health and the environment and the safety of our workers and the community.  

The latest progress for the Luckey Site soil cleanup is provided in the infographic at the link below. The infographic contains information regarding the total volume of soils excavated, tons of waste disposed, number of waste shipments, volume of collected site water treated, and the percentage of completion for the site and each phase of the project. 

Latest Infographic (Sep 2019)

The Corps is authorized to remove on-site buildings in order to access FUSRAP-related contamination beneath.  Based on the available data and contamination modeling, the Corps of Engineers concluded that FUSRAP contamination extends beneath the largest on-site building, the production building. During 2019 the Corps initiated the necessary legal process to enable removal of the privately-owned building.  Sampling will be performed beneath the remaining site buildings to determine whether they will need to be removed or can remain on-site. 

Resources

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The Corps of Engineers signed the “Record of Decision for Soils Operable Unit,” for the Luckey Site, on July 26, 2006. The record of decision (ROD) for the Soils Operable Unit identifies beryllium, lead, radium-226, thorium-230, uranium-234, and uranium-238 as FUSRAP-related constituents of concern in soils. The remedy for soils is the excavation and off-site disposal of FUSRAP-contaminated materials.

The Corps of Engineers signed the ROD for the Groundwater Operable Unit of the Luckey Site in 2008. The remedy in the groundwater ROD is monitored natural attenuation of groundwater. During the site soils remedial action, groundwater wells are sampled semi-annually for beryllium, lead, uranium, and gross alpha/beta. The sampling results are provided in the Environmental Monitoring Section below.  The groundwater well sampling will continue until sampling results show a progressive trend that indicates safe drinking water standards have been met. Land-use controls concerning site groundwater will be implemented during the monitoring period to ensure there is no new groundwater development or changes in groundwater use.

The Corps of Engineers awarded a contract for remediation of the Luckey Site in 2015 and initiated preparation of the remediation work plans. The contractor mobilized to the Luckey Site in 2017 and in 2018 began excavating FUSRAP-impacted soils to achieve the cleanup goals specified in the record of decision. Excavated soils are shipped off-site for disposal at a licensed/permitted disposal facility.

2017, the Corps of Engineers released the “Explanation of Significant Differences for the Record of Decision for the Soils Operable Unit, Luckey Site, Luckey, Ohio.” The explanation of significant differences outlines the current cost estimate for the soils remedy of $244 million, which is a significant change over the Soils Operable Unit ROD cost estimate of $59.4 million. The cost increase is attributed to:

  • An increase in the estimated volume of contaminated soil.
  • Extending the projected contaminated soil footprint beneath at least two unoccupied site buildings, which would require removal to fully address the soil contamination.
  • Reexamining and increasing the cost for several work items based on lessons learned from other FUSRAP remedial actions and updated cost data.

Links to the reports mentioned in this section are available in the Reports Section below.

The US Army Corps of Engineers Buffalo District welcomes your input at any time. Our goal is to offer timely and meaningful opportunities for public input to our projects and to promote the dissemination of project information to the community. Public involvement activities complement the Corps' mission to address environmental contamination at the Luckey Site from past Manhattan Engineer District and Atomic Energy Commission activities.

You are welcome to contact us. If you have questions, comments, or concerns regarding the Luckey Site, please send an e-mail to fusrap@usace.army.mil. You may also mail a letter to:

USACE, Buffalo District
Attn: Special Projects Team - Outreach
1776 Niagara Street
Buffalo, NY 14207

or call us at 1-800-833-6390 (option 4).

Community Relations Plan for the Luckey Site (Aug 2016)

 

Presentation: Luckey Site Public Information Session (Mar 2019)
     Poster: Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP) Decision Process (Mar 2019)
     Poster: Luckey Site History Timeline (Mar 2019)
     Poster: Luckey Remediation Phases (Mar 2019)
     Poster: Site Layout and Remediation Overview (Mar 2019)
     Poster: Material Excavation and Handling (Mar 2019)
     Poster: Waste Handling (Mar 2019)
     Poster: Luckey Waste Management (Mar 2019)
     Poster: Luckey Groundwater Monitoring Wells (Mar 2019)
     Poster: Site Completion (Mar 2019)
     Poster: Existing Site Buildings and Contamination Extent (Mar 2019)

Presentation: Luckey Site Public Information Session (Mar 2018)
     Poster: Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP) Decision Process (Mar 2018)
     Poster: Luckey Site History Timeline (Mar 2018)
     Poster: Groundwater Monitoring Wells (Mar 2018)
     Poster: Areas of Soil Contamination (Mar 2018)
     Poster: Soil Cleanup Phases (Mar 2018)
     Poster: Site Layout and Remediation Overview (Mar 2018)
     Poster: Soil Excavation and Handling (Mar 2018)
     Poster: Soil Sorting System (Mar 2018)
     Poster: Waste Management (Mar 2018)
     Poster: Site Completion (Mar 2018)

Poster: Luckey Site History Timeline (Mar 2017)
     Poster: Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP) Decision Process (Mar 2017)
     Poster: Manhattan Engineer District/Atomic Energy Commission Processes (Mar 2017)
     Poster: Groundwater Monitoring Wells (Mar 2017)
     Poster: Areas of Soil Contamination (Mar 2017)
     Poster: Depths for Areas of Soil Contamination (Mar 2017)
     Poster: Soil Cleanup Phases (Mar 2017)
     Poster: Site Layout and Remediation Overview (Mar 2017)
     Poster: Soil Excavation and Handling (Mar 2017)
     Poster: Soil Sorting System (Mar 2017)
     Poster: Waste Management (Mar 2017)
     Poster: Site Completion (Mar 2017)

Presentation: Luckey Site Public Information Session (Jul 2012) 

Presentation: Luckey Site Public Information Session (Jun 2011)
     Poster: Luckey Site Groundwater Monitoring (Jun 2011)
     Poster: Lateral Extent of Soil Contamination at the Luckey Site (Jun 2011)
     Poster: Vertical Extent of Soil Contamination at the Luckey Site (Jun 2011) 

Presentation: Luckey Site Public Information Session (Jul 2010)
     Poster: Luckey Site Features (Jul 2010)

 

Remedial Action Work Plans

Water Management Plan Interim Change Notice (Jun 2019)

Site Operations Plan (Aug 2017)

Waste Management, Transportation and Disposal Plan (Jul 2017)

Final Status Survey Plan (Jul 2017)

Accident Prevention Plan / Site Safety and Health Plan (Dec 2016)

Water Management Plan (Oct 2016)

Contamination Control Plan (Oct 2016)

Backfill and Restoration Plan (Oct 2016)

Regulatory Compliance Plan (Oct 2016)

Radiation Protection Plan (Sep 2016)

Chronic Beryllium Disease Prevention Program (Sep 2016)

Contractor Quality Control Plan (Jun 2016)

Investigation Reports

Explanation of Significant Differences for the Soils Operable Unit (Mar 2017) 

Luckey Site Historical Photographic Analysis (Sep 2011)

Volume Uncertainty Reduction Investigation Report (May 2011)

Record of Decision for the Groundwater Operable Unit (Feb 2008)

Record of Decision for the Soils Operable Unit (Jul 2006)

Proposed Plan for the Luckey Site (Jun 2003)

Feasibility Study, Luckey Site (May 2003)
     Feasibility Study, Luckey Site, Appendix 2A (May 2003)
     Feasibility Study, Luckey Site, Appendices 3A & 3B (May 2003)
     Feasibility Study, Luckey Site, Appendices 4A & 4B (May 2003)
     Feasibility Study, Luckey Site, Appendices 6A & 6B (May 2003)

Remedial Investigation, Luckey Site, Volume I (Sep 2000)
     Remedial Investigation, Luckey Site, Volume II (Sep 2000)
     Remedial Investigation, Luckey Site, Volume III (Sep 2000)

Site Designation Letter, Luckey FUSRAP Site (Sep 1992)

 

(All document files are in Adobe Acrobat PDF format.)

The Administrative Record File for the Luckey Site is located at:

Luckey Public Library
228 Main Street
Luckey, OH 43443

To request specific FUSRAP documents, please fill out this Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) Request Form and submit it to the Buffalo District FOIA Coordinator listed on the form.

 

(Click on any photograph for a larger version)

Excavation of soil with FUSRAP-related contamination begins
in the Phase 1 cleanup area of the Luckey FUSRAP Site