FUSRAP

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About the Luckey Site

Luckey Site

 

In 1942, a magnesium processing facility was built at the Luckey Site on U.S. government land. National Lead operated the facility for the U.S. government during World War II until 1945. In 1949, the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) built a beryllium production facility at the site where Brush Beryllium Company (later Brush Wellman) produced beryllium oxide, beryllium hydroxide, and beryllium pebbles. Beryl ore is a natural product of the earth and may be excavated with rocks containing varying concentrations of radium-226, thorium-230 and uranium. The chemical processes to extract beryllium also separates other elements, including radium, thorium and uranium. This resulted in products with more concentrated beryllium, and incidentally generated waste streams with enhanced concentrations of radium, thorium and uranium. The products were then shipped to other facilities for further processing.

In late 1951 and early 1952, the AEC sent approximately 1,000 tons of radioactively contaminated scrap metal to the site in anticipation of resuming magnesium processing at the facility. The scrap metal, which contained radioactivity within guidelines at the time, was stored at the site and never used for its intended purpose. Records indicate that beryllium scrap from other AEC operations was also sent to the Luckey Site. Indications are that some of the scrap was contaminated with radioactivity. Site investigations have determined that the scrap metal did not cause the radioactive contamination at the site.

Brush Beryllium Company operated the facility until 1958 when beryllium production ceased. However, sintering and powder blending operations, established at the Luckey facility in 1957, continued until 1960. Several areas were previously used to store byproducts from magnesium and beryllium processing.

In 1959, the AEC contracted with Brush Beryllium Company to close the facility. Closing operations included constructing a two-acre, dike-enclosed landfill on the northeast corner of the property. Sludge material from three lagoons adjacent to the production building was reportedly moved to the landfill, capped, graded, and seeded. The General Services Administration sold the facility in 1961. The facility has had various owners since then.

The Luckey Site was designated a Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP) site in 1992 due to extensive surface contamination from beryllium.

The Corps of Engineers’ priority during the Luckey Site cleanup is the protection of human health and the environment and the safety of our workers and the community.  Most recently, the Corps of Engineers contractor completed excavating 93,777 cubic yards of soil contaminated with beryllium, lead, radium-226, thorium-230, uranium-234, and uranium-238 from the Luckey Site from the Phase 1 and Phase 2 areas of the site.  The production building and several other buildings at the site have been deconstructed.  Excavated soils and building deconstruction debris are being shipped off-site for disposal at a licensed/permitted disposal facility. The latest progress for the Luckey Site soil cleanup is provided in the infographic at the link below. The infographic contains information regarding the total volume of soils excavated, tons of waste disposed, number of waste shipments, volume of collected site water treated, and the percentage of completion for the site and each phase of the project.  A contract will be awarded during summer 2021 to complete the soil remediation. 

The Corps of Engineers is performing a five-year review of the selected remedies for the soil and groundwater operable units of the Luckey Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program Site soils as required under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA), as amended, and the National Oil and Hazardous Substances Pollution Contingency Plan (NCP).  The five-year review process includes a community involvement component.  If you would like to be interviewed as part of the five-year review process or to receive email updates regarding the site, please email fusrap@usace.army.mil.

Resources

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The Corps of Engineers released a remedial investigation report in 2000 and a feasibility study report and proposed plan for the Luckey FUSRAP Site in 2003.

In 2006, the Corps of Engineers signed a record of decision (ROD) that addressed beryllium, lead, and radionuclide (radium-226, thorium-230, uranium-234, and uranium-238) contamination in soils. This soil contamination extends to the north of the site to Toussaint Creek, although it was determined that residual contamination in the creek did not pose an ecological concern that warranted cleanup. The selected remedy for the soils operable unit is excavation and off-site disposal of FUSRAP-contaminated soils to achieve cleanup goals for unrestricted use of the site. Excavated soils will be shipped off-site for disposal at a licensed/permitted disposal facility.

In 2008, the Corps of Engineers signed a ROD addressing uranium, lead, and beryllium contamination that currently exists in groundwater below the site. The selected remedy for groundwater is monitored natural attenuation. Once the contaminated soil is removed from the site, concentrations of these contaminants in groundwater will decrease naturally in the subsurface. Groundwater wells will be sampled for beryllium, lead, and uranium until results indicate that safe drinking water standards have been met. Land use controls during the monitoring period will ensure there are no changes in groundwater use.

The Corps of Engineers completed additional soil sampling and radiological, geophysical, and topographic surveys on the Luckey Site in March 2010. The results provided the Corps of Engineers with information necessary to update estimated costs associated with the Luckey Site cleanup.

In 2015, the Corps of Engineers awarded a contract for cleanup of FUSRAP-contaminated soils at the Luckey Site. The contractor completed developing work plans for the project in 2016. The work plans, which are available on the project website, guide the cleanup and ensure it is performed in a manner that protects the health and safety of site workers, the local community, and the environment. 

Beginning in September 2016, the contractor began mobilizing equipment and personnel to the site to set up the site infrastructure and equipment needed to perform the remediation. The contractor also conducted necessary background soil and air sampling and monitoring.

During March 2017, the Corps of Engineers released an Explanation of Significant Differences for the Record of Decision for the Soils Operable Unit, Luckey Site, Luckey, Ohio.  Increases in costs for implementing the remedy, the volume of material to be remediated, and removal of some of the site buildings to access contamination underneath was included in this document.

In April 2018, the contractor completed the installation of site infrastructure and began excavation and off-site disposal of FUSRAP-contaminated soils.  Links to the reports mentioned in this section are available in the Reports section below.

The US Army Corps of Engineers Buffalo District welcomes your input at any time. Our goal is to offer timely and meaningful opportunities for public input to our projects and to promote the dissemination of project information to the community. Public involvement activities complement the Corps' mission to address environmental contamination at the Luckey Site from past Manhattan Engineer District and Atomic Energy Commission activities.

You are welcome to contact us. If you have questions, comments, or concerns regarding the Luckey Site, please send an e-mail to fusrap@usace.army.mil. You may also mail a letter to:

USACE, Buffalo District
Attn: Special Projects Team - Outreach
1776 Niagara Street
Buffalo, NY 14207

or call us at 1-800-833-6390 (option 4).

Community Relations Plan for the Luckey Site (Aug 2016)

 

News from the Corps

News from the Corps - 07JAN2021

News from the Corps - 23DEC2021

News from the Corps - 06DEC2021

News from the Corps - 17SEP2021

News from the Corps - 25AUG2021

News from the Corps - 30 JUN 2021

News from the Corps - 12 MAY 2021

News from the Corps - 03 MAY 2021

News from the Corps - 16 Mar 2021

News from the Corps - 23 Feb 2021

News from the Corps - 28 Jan 2021

News from the Corps - 09 Oct 2020

News from the Corps - 04 Sep 2020

News from the Corps - 13 Aug 2020

News from the Corps - 31 Jul 2020

News from the Corps - 04 Jun 2020

News from the Corps - 09 Apr 2020

News From the Corps - 21 Feb 2020

News from the Corps - 24 Jan 2020

News from the Corps - 12 Nov 2019

News from the Corps - 04 Nov 2019

News from the Corps - 24 Sep 2019

News from the Corps - 10 Jun 2019

News from the Corps - 07 May 2019

News from the Corps - 19 Mar 2019

News from the Corps - Nov 8, 2018

News from the Corps - 25 Oct 2018

News from the Corps - 21 Jun 2018

News from the Corps - 05 Jun 2018

News from the Corps - 17 Apr 2018

News from the Corps - 23 Mar 2018

News from the Corps - 16 Feb 2018

News from the Corps - 18 Jan 2018

News from the Corps - 21 Dec 2017

News from the Corps - 21 Nov 2017

News from the Corps - 06 Nov 2017

News from the Corps - 17 Oct 2017

News from the Corps - 27 Sep 2017

News from the Corps - 23 Mar 2017

News from the Corps - 09 Mar 2017

News from the Corps - 12 Jan 2017

News from the Corps - 18 Oct 2016

News from the Corps emails are sent periodically when we have new information regarding the Luckey FUSRAP SIte. To receive News from the Corps, please email us at: fusrap@usace.army.mil and ask to be added to our list.

News Releases

Corps to Hold Luckey FUSRAP Site Information Session - 20 Jul 2010

Newsletters

Luckey 5-year CERCLA Review Newsletter - 12NOV2021

Luckey Site Newsletter (Mar 2017)

Luckey Site Newsletter (Jul 2010)

 

Luckey Infographic 24Jun2022

Luckey Infographic 17Jun2022

Luckey Infographic 10Jun2022

Luckey Infographic 03Jun2022

Luckey Infographic 27May2022

Luckey Infographic 20May2022

Luckey Infographic 13May2022

Luckey Infographic 06May2022

Luckey Infographic 29APR2022

Luckey Infographic 22APR2022

Luckey Infographic 15APR2022

Luckey Infographic 08APR2022 

Luckey Infographic 01APR2022

Luckey Infographic 25MAR2022

Luckey Infographic 18MAR2022

Luckey Infographic 11MAR2022

Luckey Infographic 04MAR2022

Luckey Infographic 25FEB2022

Luckey Infographic 18FEB2022

Luckey Infographic 11FEB2022

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Luckey Infographic 28JAN2022

Luckey Infographic 21JAN2022

Luckey Infographic 14JAN2022

Luckey Infographic 07JAN2022

Luckey Infographic 31DEC2021

Luckey Infographic 17DEC2021

Luckey Deconstruction Infographic 17SEP2021

Luckey Deconstruction Infographic 10SEP021

Luckey Deconstruction Infographic 03SEP021

Luckey Deconstruction Infographic 20AUG2021

Luckey Deconstruction Infographic 13AUG2021

Luckey Deconstruction Infographic 06AUG021

Luckey Deconstruction Infographic 30JUL2021

Luckey Deconstruction Infographic 23JUL2021

Luckey Deconstruction Infographic 16JUL2021

Luckey Deconstruction Infographic  09JUL2021

Luckey Deconstruction Infographic  02JUL2021

Luckey Deconstruction Infographic  25JUN2021

Luckey Deconstruction Infographic 18JUN2021

Luckey Deconstruction Infographic 11JUN2021

Luckey Deconstruction Infographic 04JUN2021

Luckey Deconstruction Infographic 28MAY2021

Luckey Deconstruction Infographic 21MAY2021

Luckey Deconstruction Infographic 14MAY2021

Luckey Deconstruction Infographic 07MAY2021

Luckey Deconstruction Infographic  30APR2021

Luckey Deconstruction Infographic  23APR2021

Luckey Deconstruction Infographic  16APR201 

Luckey Deconstruction Infographic 09APR2021

Luckey Deconstruction Infographic 02APR2021

Luckey Deconstruction Infographic 26MAR2021

Luckey Deconstruction Infographic 19MAR2021

Luckey Deconstruction Infographic 09MAR2021

Luckey Infographic 05MAR2021

Luckey Infographic 26FEB2021

Luckey Infographic 19FEB2021

Luckey Infographic 12FEB2021

Luckey Infographic 05FEB2021

Luckey Infographic 29JAN2021

Luckey Infographic 22JAN2021

Luckey Infographic 15JAN2021

Luckey Infographic 18DEC2020

Luckey Infographic 11DEC2020

Luckey Infographic 04DEC2020

Luckey Infographic 27NOV2020

Luckey Infographic 13NOV2020

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Luckey Infographic 23OCT2020

Luckey Infographic 16OCT2020

Luckey Infographic 09OCT202

Luckey Infographic 02OCT2020

Luckey Infographic 24SEP2020

Luckey Infographic 18SEP2020

Luckey Infographic 11SEP2020

Luckey Infographic 04SEP2020

Luckey Infographic 28AUG2020

Luckey Infographic 21AUG2020

Luckey Infographic 14AUG2020

Luckey Infographic 07AUG2020

Luckey Infographic 31JUL2020

Luckey Infographic 24JUL2020

Luckey Infographic 17JUL2020

Luckey Infographic 10JUL2020

Luckey Infographic 03JUL2020

Luckey Infographic 26JUN2020

Luckey Infographic 19JUN2020

Luckey Infographic 12JUN2020

Luckey Infographic 05JUN2020

Luckey Infographic 29MAY2020

Luckey Infographic 22MAY2020

Luckey Infographic 15MAY2020

Luckey Infographic 08MAY2020

Luckey Infographic 24APR2020

Luckey Infographic 17APR2020

Luckey Infographic 10APR2020

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Luckey Infographic 27MAR2020

Luckey Infographic 20MAR2020

Luckey Infographic 13MAR2020

Luckey Infographic 06MAR2020

Luckey Infographic 28FEB2020

Luckey Infographic 21FEB2020

Luckey Infographic 14FEB2020

Luckey Infographic 07FEB2020

Luckey Infographic 31JAN2020

Luckey Infographic 17JAN2020

Luckey Infographic 10JAN2020

Luckey Infographic 03JAN2020

Luckey Infographic 11NOV2019

Luckey Infographic 25OCT2019

Luckey Infographic 18OCT2019

Luckey Infographic 11OCT2019

Luckey Infographic 20SEP2019

Luckey Infographic 13SEP2019

Luckey Infographic 05SEP2019

Luckey Infographic 30AUG2019

Luckey Infographic 23AUG2019

Luckey Infographic 16AUG2019

Luckey Infographic 09AUG2019

Luckey Infographic 02AUG2019

Luckey Infographic 26JUL2019

Luckey Infographic 19JUL2019

Luckey Infographic 12JUL2019

Luckey Infographic 26JUN2019

Luckey Infographic 03MAY2019

Luckey Infographic 28MAR2019

Luckey Infographic 22MAR2019

Luckey Infographic 15MAR2019

Luckey Infographic 08MAR2019

Luckey Infographic 22FEB2019

Luckey Infographic 14FEB2019

Luckey Infographic 01FEB2019

Luckey Infographic 25JAN2019

Luckey Infographic 18JAN2019

Luckey Infographic 14DEC2018

Luckey Infographic 07DEC2018

Luckey Infographic 30NOV2018

Luckey Infographic 16NOV2018

Luckey Infographic 09NOV2018

Luckey Infographic 02NOV2018

Luckey Infographic 26OCT2018

Luckey Infographic 19OCT2018

Luckey Infographic 28SEP2018

Luckey Infographic 14SEP2018

Luckey Infographic 07SEP2018

Luckey Infographic 30AUG208

Luckey Infographic 16AUG2018

Luckey Infographic 10AUG2018

Luckey Infographic 03AUG2018

Luckey Infographic 27JUL2018

Presentation:  Luckey Site Virtual Public Information Session (May 2021)

Presentation: Luckey Site Public Information Session (Mar 2019)
     Poster: Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP) Decision Process (Mar 2019)
     Poster: Luckey Site History Timeline (Mar 2019)
     Poster: Luckey Remediation Phases (Mar 2019)
     Poster: Site Layout and Remediation Overview (Mar 2019)
     Poster: Material Excavation and Handling (Mar 2019)
     Poster: Waste Handling (Mar 2019)
     Poster: Luckey Waste Management (Mar 2019)
     Poster: Luckey Groundwater Monitoring Wells (Mar 2019)
     Poster: Site Completion (Mar 2019)
     Poster: Existing Site Buildings and Contamination Extent (Mar 2019)

Presentation: Luckey Site Public Information Session (Mar 2018)
     Poster: Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP) Decision Process (Mar 2018)
     Poster: Luckey Site History Timeline (Mar 2018)
     Poster: Groundwater Monitoring Wells (Mar 2018)
     Poster: Areas of Soil Contamination (Mar 2018)
     Poster: Soil Cleanup Phases (Mar 2018)
     Poster: Site Layout and Remediation Overview (Mar 2018)
     Poster: Soil Excavation and Handling (Mar 2018)
     Poster: Soil Sorting System (Mar 2018)
     Poster: Waste Management (Mar 2018)
     Poster: Site Completion (Mar 2018)

Poster: Luckey Site History Timeline (Mar 2017)
     Poster: Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP) Decision Process (Mar 2017)
     Poster: Manhattan Engineer District/Atomic Energy Commission Processes (Mar 2017)
     Poster: Groundwater Monitoring Wells (Mar 2017)
     Poster: Areas of Soil Contamination (Mar 2017)
     Poster: Depths for Areas of Soil Contamination (Mar 2017)
     Poster: Soil Cleanup Phases (Mar 2017)
     Poster: Site Layout and Remediation Overview (Mar 2017)
     Poster: Soil Excavation and Handling (Mar 2017)
     Poster: Soil Sorting System (Mar 2017)
     Poster: Waste Management (Mar 2017)
     Poster: Site Completion (Mar 2017)

Presentation: Luckey Site Public Information Session (Jul 2012) 

Presentation: Luckey Site Public Information Session (Jun 2011)
     Poster: Luckey Site Groundwater Monitoring (Jun 2011)
     Poster: Lateral Extent of Soil Contamination at the Luckey Site (Jun 2011)
     Poster: Vertical Extent of Soil Contamination at the Luckey Site (Jun 2011) 

Presentation: Luckey Site Public Information Session (Jul 2010)
     Poster: Luckey Site Features (Jul 2010)

 

Soils Operable Unit Remediation Action Work Plans

Waste Management, Transportation, and Disposal Plan for Soils Operable Unit (Dec 2021)

Excavation and Trenching Plan for Soils Operable Unit (Dec 2021)

Final Status Survey Plan for the Soils Operable Unit (Dec 2021)

U.S.E.P.A. Tier I Qualified Facility Spill Prevention Control and Countermeasure Plan for Soils Operable Unit (Dec 2021)

Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plan for Soils Operable Unit (Nov 2021)

Uniform Federal Policy Quality Assurance Project Plan for Soils Operable Unit (Nov 2021)

Regulatory Compliance Plan for Soils Operable Unit (Nov 2021)

Water Management Plan for Soils Operable Unit (Nov 2021)

Contamination Control Plan for Soils Operable Unit (Nov 2021)

Radiation Protection Plan for Soils Operable Unit (Oct 2021)

Chronic Beryllium Disease Prevention Program for Soils Operable Unit (Dec 2021)

Backfill and Restoration Plan for Soils Operable Unit (Dec 2021)

Accident Prevention Plan - Site Safety and Health Plan for Soils Operable Unit (Nov 2021)

Site Operations Plan for Soils Operable Unit (Dec 2021)

Building Deconstruction Remedial Action Work Plans

Building Deconstruction Plan for the Luckey FUSRAP Remediation Project (Dec 2020)

Accident Prevention Plan /Site Safety and Health Plan for Building Deconstruction (Nov 2020)

Contractor Quality Control Plan for Building Deconstruction (Nov 2020)

Regulatory Compliance Plan for Building Deconstruction (Dec 2020)

Water Management Plan for Building Deconstruction (Dec 2020)

Waste Management, Transportation, and Disposal Plan for Building Deconstruction (Jan 2021)

Contamination Control Plan for Building Deconstruction (Dec 2020)

Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plan for Building Deconstruction (Jan 2021)

Radiation Protection Plan for Building Deconstruction (Nov 2020)

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Tier I Qualified Facility SPCC Plan for Building Deconstruction (Dec 2020)

 

Remedial Action Work Plans

Final Status Survey Plan (Jul 2020)

Sampling and Analysis Plan Interim Change Notice (Mar 2020)

Water Management Plan Interim Change Notice (Jun 2019)

Site Operations Plan (Aug 2017)

Waste Management, Transportation and Disposal Plan (Oct 2018)

Accident Prevention Plan / Site Safety and Health Plan (Dec 2016)

Water Management Plan (Oct 2018)

Contamination Control Plan (Oct 2018)

Backfill and Restoration Plan (Oct 2019)

Regulatory Compliance Plan (Oct 2016)

Radiation Protection Plan (Mar 2020)

Chronic Beryllium Disease Prevention Program (Sep 2016)

Contractor Quality Control Plan (Jan 2020)

Uniform Federal Policy Quality Assurance Project Plan (Jun 2019)

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Tier I Qualified Facility SPCC Plan (Feb 2020)

Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plan for the Luckey FUSRAP Project (Nov 2019)

 

Investigation Reports

Explanation of Significant Differences for the Soils Operable Unit (Mar 2017) 

Luckey Site Historical Photographic Analysis (Sep 2011)

Volume Uncertainty Reduction Investigation Report (May 2011)

Record of Decision for the Groundwater Operable Unit (Feb 2008)

Record of Decision for the Soils Operable Unit (Jul 2006)

Proposed Plan for the Luckey Site (Jun 2003)

Feasibility Study, Luckey Site (May 2003)
     Feasibility Study, Luckey Site, Appendix 2A (May 2003)
     Feasibility Study, Luckey Site, Appendices 3A & 3B (May 2003)
     Feasibility Study, Luckey Site, Appendices 4A & 4B (May 2003)
     Feasibility Study, Luckey Site, Appendices 6A & 6B (May 2003)

Remedial Investigation, Luckey Site, Volume I (Sep 2000)
     Remedial Investigation, Luckey Site, Volume II (Sep 2000)
     Remedial Investigation, Luckey Site, Volume III (Sep 2000)

Phase II Characterization Report for the Luckey Site (May 1998)

Site Designation Letter, Luckey FUSRAP Site (Sep 1992)

 

(All document files are in Adobe Acrobat PDF format.)

The Administrative Record File for the Luckey Site is located at:

Luckey Public Library
228 Main Street
Luckey, OH 43443

To request specific FUSRAP documents, please fill out this Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) Request Form and submit it to the Buffalo District FOIA Coordinator listed on the form.